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Letter Sent on Behalf of 280 Leaders by UN SG Special Envoy on Global Education

Sent to 20, IMF, World Bank, regional development banks and national governments: Global education is facing an unprecedented crisis

by Gordon Brown
Gordon Brown durante la conferenza stampa all'ONU

Gordon Brown in a press conference at the UN

We write to call for urgent action to address the global education emergency triggered by COVID-19. With over 1 billion children still out of school because of the lockdown, there is now a real and present danger that the public health crisis will create a COVID generation who lose out on schooling and whose opportunities are permanently damaged. While the more fortunate have had access to alternatives, the world’s poorest children have been locked out of learning, denied internet access, and with the loss of free school meals – once a lifeline for 300 million boys and girls – hunger has grown.

An immediate concern, as we bring the lockdown to an end, is the fate of an estimated 30 million children who according to UNESCO may never return to school. For these, the world’s least advantaged children, education is often the only escape from poverty – a route that is in danger of closing. Many of these children are adolescent girls for whom being in school is the best defence against forced marriage and the best hope for a life of expanded opportunity.

Many more are young children who risk being forced into exploitative and dangerous labour. And because education is linked to progress in virtually every area of human development – from child survival to maternal health, gender equality, job creation and inclusive economic growth – the education emergency will undermine the prospects for achieving all our 2030 Sustainable Development Goals and potentially set back progress on gender equity by years. According to the World Bank the long-term economic cost of lost schooling could be as much as $10 trillion in lost productive output.

We cannot stand by and allow these young people to be robbed of their education and a fair chance in life. Instead we should be redoubling our efforts to get all children into school – including the 260 million already out of school and the 75 million children affected by protracted conflicts and forced displacement, including 35 million children living as refugees or internally displaced – with the comprehensive help they need – and to make it possible for young people to start or resume their studies in school further and higher education.

There is a longer-term challenge we must also meet. Even before COVID-19, the world faced a learning crisis. Over half of the children in developing countries suffering ‘learning poverty’ and even at age 11 had little or no basic literacy and numeracy skills. As a result, 800 million of today’s young people leave education with no qualifications whatsoever. If we are to avoid this, millions of children who are now preparing to return to school, who have lost over half a year of education, need their governments to invest in catch-up programmes and proper learning assessment. When schools reopened after Pakistan’s 2005 earthquake attendance recovered, but four years later children had lost the equivalent of 1.5 years of schooling.

Resources are now urgently needed to get young people back into education and enable them to catch-up. What is more, we should rebuild better: more support for online learning, personalised learning, teacher training, conditional cash transfers for poor families and safer schools that meet ‘distancing’ rules, building on the enormous community effort that has been displayed during the pandemic. And to spur global momentum in support of progress in education, a coalition of global organisations has now joined forces in the ‘Save our Future’ initiative launched on August 4.

Yet at the very time we need extra resources, education funding is in danger on three fronts:

  1. As slower or negative growth undermines tax revenues, less money may be available in almost every country for public services, including education.
  2. When allocating limited funds, some governments may leave education crowded out and underfunded as they prioritise expenditure on health and economic recovery.
  3. Intensifying fiscal pressure in developed countries will result in reductions in international development aid, including aid for education, which has already been losing out to other priorities in the allocation of bilateral and multilateral aid. There is also a danger that multilateral donors, who already under-invest in education, will reallocate funds.

The World Bank now estimates that, over the next year, overall education spending in low and middle-income countries could be $100-150 billion lower than previously planned.

This funding crisis will not resolve itself.

We call on the G20, the IMF, World Bank and regional development banks and all countries to recognise the scale of the crisis and support three initiatives to enable catch-up to happen, and progress towards SDG4 to be resumed:

  • First, every country should pledge to protect front line education spending, prioritising the needs of the most disadvantaged children through where possible, conditional and unconditional cash transfers to promote school participation.
  • Second, the international community must increase aid for education, focusing on the most vulnerable, including the poor, girls, children in conflict situations and the disabled. The quickest way to free up resources for education is through debt relief. The 76 poorest countries have to pay $86 billion in debt-service costs over the next two years. We call for debt suspension with a requirement that the money for debt servicing be reallocated to education and other priority investments for children.
  • Third, the IMF should issue $1.2 trillion in Special Drawing Rights (its global reserve asset) and its membership should agree to channel these resources toward the countries that need them most, creating a platform for recovery.

And the World Bank should unlock more support for low income countries through a supplementary International Development Association budget, and, following the lead of the UK and Netherlands which have now pledged $650 million to the new International Finance Facility for Education (IFFEd) to help unlock billions in extra finance for education in lower middle income countries, invite guarantees and grants from donors. This is in addition to – and compliments – over the next 2 years the replenishment of GPE (Global Partnership for Education) and scaled up investment in ECW (Education Cannot Wait) and continued support for the UN agencies focused on education and children led by UNESCO and UNICEF. We call on private sector corporations and foundations to make support for global education a greater priority.

Sustainable human development can only be built upon a foundation of quality education. While the challenges are momentous, the impact of the crisis on children has made us even more determined to realise our ambition contained in Sustainable Development Goal 4, that ours can be the first generation in history in which every child is at school and has the chance to develop their potential to the full. Now is the time for national governments and the international community to come together to give children and young people the opportunities they deserve and to which they are entitled.



María Elena Agüero

Secretary General of the WLA-Club de


Esko Aho Prime Minister of Finland (1991-1995)¹

Dr Shamshad Akhtar

UN Under Secretary-General and

Executive Secretary of ESCAP &

Assistant Secretary-General at UN DESA (2013-2018); Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan (2006-2009)²

Dr Farida Allaghi

Ambassador of Libya to the European Union (2015-2016)³

HE Dr Abdulaziz Altwaijri

Director General of the Islamic

Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (1991-2019)³

Mohamed Amersi

Founder & Chairman, The Amersi Foundation

Dr Roger Ames

Director of the Center for Chinese Studies,

University of Hawaii

Dr Kwame Anthony Appiah

Professor of Philosophy and Law, NYU

Shaukat Aziz

Prime Minister of Pakistan (2004-2007)³⁴

Professor Julian Baggini

Academic Director of the Royal Institute of


Gordon Bajnai

Prime Minister of Hungary (2009-2010)

Harriett Baldwin MP

Member of Parliament of the United

Kingdom; Founding Co-Chair,

International Parliamentary Network for Education

Jan Peter Balkenende

Prime Minister of the Netherlands (2002-2010)¹

HE Joyce Banda President of Malawi (2012-2014)¹

Kaushik Basu

President of the International Economic

Association; Chief Economist of the World

Bank (2012-2016)

Carol Bellamy

Executive Director of UNICEF (1995-2005)²

Nicolas Berggruen

Chairman of the Berggruen Institute⁴

Suman Bery

Chief Economist at Royal Dutch Shell

(2012-2016); Director-General of the

National Council of Applied Economic

Research, New Delhi

Sir Tim Besley

President of the International Economic

Association (2014-2017); Professor of Economics and Political Science, LSE

Valdis Birkavs

Prime Minister of Latvia (1993-1994)¹

Tony Blair

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom


Dr Mario Blejer

Governor of the Central Bank of Argentina

(2002); Director of the Centre for Central

Banking Studies, Bank of England


Irina Bokova

Director-General of UNESCO (2009-2017)²

Patrick Bolton

Professor of Finance and Economics,

Imperial College London; Professor, Columbia University

Kjell Magne Bondevik

Prime Minister of Norway (1997-2000; 2001-2005)¹

Professor Sir Leszek Borysiewicz

Vice Chancellor, University of Cambridge


Ouided Bouchamaoui

President of UTICA (2011-2018); Nobel

Peace Prize Laureate (2015)³

Dumitru Braghiș

Prime Minister of Moldova (1999-2001)³ María Eugenia Brizuela de Ávila

Minister of Foreign Affairs of El Salvador


Gordon Brown

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom


UN Secretary General’s  Special envoy on Global education

John Bruton

Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland


Robin Burgess

Professor of Economics, LSE

Kim Campbell

Prime Minister of Canada (1993)¹

Fernando Henrique Cardoso

President of Brazil (1995-2003)¹

Wendy Carlin

Professor of Economics, University College London

Dr Vinton G. Cerf

Co-Inventor of the Internet³

Hikmet Çetin

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey

(1991-1994), Speaker of the Grand National Assembly (1997-1999)³⁵

Baroness Lynda Chalker

Minister of Overseas Development of the United Kingdom (1989-1997)⁵

Professor Bai Chong-En

Dean, Tsinghua School of Economics and

Management, Tsinghua University

Helen Clark

Prime Minister of New Zealand

(1999-2008); UNDP Administrator


Joe Clark

Prime Minister of Canada (1979-1980)⁵

Emil Constantinescu

President of Romania (1996-2000)³ Radhika Coomaraswamy

UN Under-Secretary-General and Special

Representative for Children and Armed

Conflict (2006-2012); UN Special

Rapporteur on Violence Against Women


Chester Crocker

Assistant Secretary of State for African

Affairs, United States (1981-1989)⁵

Mirko Cvetković

Prime Minister of Serbia (2008-2012)³

Dr Antonio Damasio

David Dornsife Professor of Neuroscience,

Psychology and Philosophy; Director,

Brain and Creativity Institute, USC

Dr Hanna Damasio

Dana Dornsife Professor of Neuroscience and Psychology; Director, Dornsife Cognitive Neuroimaging Center, USC

Marzuki Darusman

Attorney General of Indonesia (1999-2001)⁵

Frederik Willem de Klerk

State President of South Africa


Kemal Derviş

Minister of Economic Affairs of Turkey

(2001-2002); Administrator of UNDP

(2005-2009); Senior Fellow Global

Economy and Development, Brookings


Beatrice Weder di Mauro

President, Centre for Economic Policy

Research (CEPR); Professor of

International Economics, Graduate Institute in Geneva

Dr Victor J. Dzau

President of the National Academy of


Gareth Evans

Foreign Minister of Australia (1988-1996);

President and CEO of International Crisis Group (2000-2009)⁵

Professor Sir Jeremy Farrar

Director of the Wellcome Trust

Jan Fischer

Prime Minister of the Czech Republic

(2009-2010); Finance Minister (2013-2014)³

Professor Tom Fletcher CMG

UK Ambassador to Lebanon (2011-2015);

Principal-Elect of Hertford College,

University of Oxford

Vicente Fox

President of Mexico (2000-2006)¹

Franco Frattini

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Italy

(2002-2004; 2008-2011); European

Commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security (2004-2008)³

Dr Anton Friedrich Koch

Professor of Philosophy, Universität


Chiril Gaburici

Prime Minister of Moldova (2015); Minister of Economy and Infrastructure (2018-2019)³

Ahmed Galal

Finance Minister of Egypt (2013-2014)

Nathalie de Gaulle

Chairwoman & Co-founder of NB-INOV; Founder of Under 40³

Lord Anthony Giddens

Director of the London School of

Economics (1996–2003); Professor, Department of Sociology, LSE

Dr Lawrence Gonzi

Prime Minister of Malta (2004-2013)⁵

Dr Alexander Görlach

Senior Fellow at the Carnegie Council for

Ethics in International Relations, University of Cambridge

Dalia Grybauskaitė

President of the Republic of Lithuania


Rebeca Grynspan

Ibero-American Secretary-General;

Second Vice President of Costa Rica

(1994-1998); UN

Under-Secretary-General and Associate Administrator of UNDP (2010-2014)²

Ameenah Gurib-Fakim

President of Mauritius (2015-2018)³

Sergei Guriev

Chief Economist of the EBRD (2016-2019);

Professor of Economics, Sciences Po

Dr Han Seung-soo

Prime Minister of South Korea (2008-2009)¹

Senator Robert M. Hertzberg

Majority Leader of the California State

Senate, United States

Dr Noeleen Heyzer

UN Under-Secretary-General and

Executive Secretary of ESCAP (2007-2015)²³

Bengt Holmström

Nobel Laureate for Economics (2016);

Professor of Economics, MIT

Wang Hui

Professor of Chinese Language, Literature, and History, Tsinghua University

Mo Ibrahim

Founder of Celtel; Chairman of the Mo

Ibrahim Foundation⁴

Enrique Iglesias

Foreign Minister of Uruguay (1985-1988);

President of the Inter-American

Development Bank (1988-2005)¹⁵

Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu

Secretary General of the Organization of

Islamic Cooperation (2004-2014)³

Dalia Itzik

Interim President of Israel (2007);

President of the Knesset (2006-2009)³

Mladen Ivanić

Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and

Herzegovina (2014-2018)³

Pico Iyer

Distinguished Presidential Fellow,

Chapman University; Writer & Essayist,


Garry Jacobs

President & Chief Executive Officer of the World Academy of Art and Science³

HE Ellen Johnson Sirleaf President of Liberia (2006-2018); Member of The Elders⁵

Anthony Jones

Vice-President and Executive Director of the Gorbachev Foundation of North America¹

Ivo Josipović

President of Croatia (2010-2015)¹³

Jean-Claude Juncker

Prime Minister of Luxembourg

(1995-2013); President of the European

Commission (2014-2019)¹

Mats Karlsson

Vice President, External Affairs at the World Bank (1999-2002)³

Caroline Kende-Robb

Executive Director of the Africa Progress

Panel (2011-2017); Secretary General of

CARE International (2018-2019)

Rima Khalaf Executive Secretary of the UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (2010-2017)²

Dr Moushira Khattab

Executive President, Kemet Boutros

Boutros Ghali Foundation for Peace and

Knowledge; Minister of Family and

Population of Egypt (2009-2011)³

Ban Ki-moon

UN Secretary General (2007-2016);

Deputy Chair of The Elders¹

Horst Köhler

President of the Federal Republic of

Germany (2004-2010)¹

Jadranka Kosor

Prime Minister of Croatia (2009-2011)³ Professor Anne Krueger

First Deputy Managing Director of the IMF (2001-2006); Senior Research Professor of International Economics, School for Advanced International Studies, Johns

Hopkins University

HE John Kufuor

President of Ghana (2001-2009)¹

Chandrika Kumaratunga

President of Sri Lanka (1994-2005)¹³

Aleksander Kwaśniewski

President of Poland (1995-2005)¹

Rachel Kyte

Dean of The Fletcher School, Tufts University; UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Sustainable Energy for All (2016-2019); World Bank

Group VP & Special Envoy (2012-2015)²

Ricardo Lagos President of Chile (2000-2006); Member of the Elders¹⁴

Zlatko Lagumdzija

Prime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina

(2001- 2002); Foreign Affairs Minister


Yves Leterme

Prime Minister of Belgium (2008; 2009-2011)¹³

Dr Margaret Levi Director of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences & Professor of Political Science, Stanford University

Professor Justin Yifu Lin Chief Economist & Senior Vice-President of the World Bank (2008-2012); Dean of

Institute of New Structural Economics,

Peking University³

Tzipi Livni

Vice Prime Minister & Minister of Foreign

Affairs of Israel (2006-2009); Minister of

Justice (2013-2014)³

Petru Lucinschi

President of Moldova (1997-2001)³ Ricardo Luna

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Peru


Nora Lustig

President Emeritus of the Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association; Professor of Latin American Economics,

Tulane University

Graça Machel

Education & Culture Minister of Mozambique (1975-1986); Deputy Chair of The Elders

Sir John Major

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom


Susana Malcorra

UN Under-Secretary-General for Field

Support (2008-2012); Chef de Cabinet to

UN Secretary-General (2012-2015);

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Argentina


Purnima Mane

UN Assistant-Secretary-General and

Deputy Executive Director UNFPA


Moussa Mara Prime Minister of Mali (2014-2015)³

Paul Martin

Prime Minister of Canada (2003-2006)⁴

Colin Mayer CBE

Professor of Management Studies, Saïd

Business School, University of Oxford

Péter Medgyessy

Prime Minister of Hungary (2002-2004)³

Rexhep Meidani

President of Albania (1997-2002)¹³

Mario Monti

Prime Minister of Italy (2011-2013)¹⁴

Rovshan Muradov

Secretary General of NGIC

Joseph Muscat

Prime Minister of Malta (2013-2020)³ Mustapha Kamel Nabli

Governor of the Central Bank of Tunisia (2011-2012)

Piroska Nagy-Mohácsi

Programme Director of the Institute of

Global Affairs, LSE; Director of Policy,

EBRD (2009-2015)

Dawn Nakagawa

Executive Vice President, Berggruen Institute

Dr Rebecca Newberger Goldstein


Bujar Nishani

President of Albania (2012-2017)³

Chief Olusegun Obasanjo

President of the Federal Republic of

Nigeria (1999-2007)¹

Josiah Ober

Professor of Political Science and Classics,

Stanford University

Dr Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala

Board Chair of the Global Alliance for

Vaccines and Immunisation; Finance

Minister of the Federal Republic of Nigeria


Djoomart Otorbaev

Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan (2014-2015)³

Ana Palacio

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Spain (2002-2004)²³⁵

Elsa Papademetriou

Vice President of the Hellenic Parliament


George Papandreou

Prime Minister of Greece (2009-2011)³

Andrés Pastrana

President of Colombia (1998-2002)¹

  1. Patterson

Prime Minister of Jamaica (1992-2005)¹⁵

Dr Philip Pettit

L.S. Rockefeller University Professor of

Politics and Human Values, Princeton


Ambassador Thomas R. Pickering

United States Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (1997-2000); Ambassador to the UN (1989-1992)⁵

Sir Christopher Pissarides

Nobel Laureate for Economics (2010);

Professor of Economics & Political Science, LSE

Rosen Plevneliev

President of Bulgaria (2012-2017)³

Richard Portes CBE

Professor of Economics, London Business School; Founder and Honorary President of the Centre for Economic Policy Research

Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca

President of Malta (2014-2019)³

Romano Prodi

Prime Minister of Italy (2006-2008);

President of the European Commission


Michael Puett

Walter C. Klein Professor of Chinese

History, Department of East Asian

Languages and Civilization, Harvard


Jorge Quiroga

President of Bolivia (2001-2002)¹

Iveta Radičová

Prime Minister of Slovakia (2010-2012)¹

José Ramos Horta

President of Timor Leste (2007-2012)¹⁵

Òscar Ribas Reig

Prime Minister of Andorra (1982-1984; 1990-1994)¹³

Lord George Robertson

Secretary General of NATO (1999-2003)⁵

Mary Robinson

President of Ireland (19990-1997); UN

High Commissioner for Human Rights; Chair of the Elders¹

José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero

Prime Minister of Spain (2004-2011)¹

Dani Rodrik

President-Elect of the International

Economic Association; Professor of

International Political Economy, Harvard


Gérard Roland

Professor of Economics & Professor of

Political Science, University of California,


Petre Roman

Prime Minister of Romania (1989-1991)¹³

Dr Michael Roth

President of Wesleyan University

Nouriel Roubini

Chairman & CEO, Roubini Macro

Associates LLC


World Music Award and Eurovision Song

Contest winning recording artist; Special

Envoy of NGIC

Isabel Saint Malo

Vice President of Panama (2014-2019)²

Juan Manuel Santos

President of Colombia (2010-2018); Nobel

Peace Prize Laureate (2016); Member of

The Elders

Amartya Sen

Nobel Laureate for Economics (1998); Professor of Economics & Philosophy,

Harvard University

Ismail Serageldin

Vice President of the World Bank (1992-2000); Co-Chair of NGIC

Fatiha Serour

Deputy Special Representative of the UN

Secretary-General in Somalia (2013-2014)²

Rosalía Arteaga Serrano

President of Ecuador (1997)³

Dame Jenny Shipley

Prime Minister of New Zealand


Javier Solana

Secretary General of the Council of the EU

(1999-2009); Secretary General of NATO (1995-1999)¹⁵

Professor Sir Richard Sorabji

Honorary Fellow, Wolfson College,

University of Oxford

Michael Spence

Nobel Laureate for Economics (2001);

William R. Berkley Professor in Economics

& Business, NYU⁴

Devi Sridhar

Professor of Global Public Health, University of Edinburgh

Dr Eduardo Stein

Vice President of Guatemala (2004-2008)⁵

Lord Nicholas Stern Chief Economist & Senior Vice-President of the World Bank (2000-2003); Chief Economist of the EBRD (1994-1999) &

Professor of Economics and Government,


Joseph Stiglitz

Chief Economist of the World Bank

(1997-2000); Nobel Laureate for

Economics (2001); Professor, Columbia


Petar Stoyanov

President of Bulgaria (1997-2002)³

Laimdota Straujuma

Prime Minister of Latvia (2014-2016)³

Lawrence Summers

United States Secretary of the Treasury (1999-2001); Deputy Secretary of the Treasury (1995-1999); Chief Economist of the World Bank (1991-1993); Director of the National Economic Council (2009-2010)⁴

Boris Tadić

President of Serbia (2004-2012)¹³

Jigme Y. Thinley

Prime Minister of Bhutan (2008-2013)¹

Helle Thorning-Schmidt

Prime Minister of Denmark (2011-2015)⁴ Eka Tkeshelashvili

Deputy Prime Minister of Georgia


Danilo Türk

President of Slovenia (2007-2012); President of WLA-Club de Madrid

Professor Laura D’Andrea Tyson

Director of the United States National

Economic Council (1995-1996); Faculty

Director, Haas Institute for Business &

Social Impact, University of California,


Cassam Uteem

President of Mauritius (1992-2002);

Vice-President of WLA-Club de Madrid⁵

Juan Gabriel Valdés

Minister for Foreign Affairs of Chile (1999); Ambassador to the UN (2000-2003)⁵

Marianna Vardinoyannis

UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador; Board

Member of NGIC

Emiliana Vegas

Senior Fellow and Co-Director of the

Center for Universal Education, Brookings Institution

Andrés Velasco

Finance Minister of Chile (2006-2010);

Dean of the School of Public Policy, LSE

Vaira Vike-Freiberga

President of Latvia (1999-2007)¹; Co-Chair of NGIC

Ernst-Ludwig von Thadden

President, Mannheim University

(2012-2019); Professor, Economics


Filip Vujanović

President of Montenegro (2003-2018)³

Leonard Wantchekon Founder & President of the African School of Economics; Professor of Politics and International Affairs, Princeton University Shang-Jin Wei

Chief Economist of the Asian

Development Bank (2014-2016);

Professor of Chinese Business and

Economy & Finance and Economics, Columbia Business School

Rebecca Winthrop

Senior Fellow and Co-Director of the

Center for Universal Education, Brookings Institution

Bin Wong

Distinguished Professor of History;

Director of the Asia Institute, UCLA (2004-2016)

Kateryna Yushchenko

First Lady of Ukraine (2005-2010); Board Member of NGIC

Viktor Yushchenko

President of Ukraine (2005-2010)³

Fareed Zakaria

Host of Fareed Zakaria GPS, CNN⁴

Valdis Zatlers

President of Latvia (2007-2011)³

Ernesto Zedillo President of Mexico (1994-2000); Member of The Elders¹⁴

Min Zhu

Deputy Managing Director of the

International Monetary Fund (2011-2016)⁴

ActionAid UK

Girish Menon, CEO

African Center for Economic Transformation (ACET)

Dr K.Y. Amoako, President and Founder

BRAC International

Dr Muhammad Musa, Executive Director

CARE International UK Laurie Lee, CEO

Catholic Agency for Oversees

Development (CAFOD) Christine Allen, Director

Save the Children International

Inger Ashing, CEO

Save the Children UK Kevin Watkins, CEO

The Education Commission

Dr Liesbet Steer, Director


Dr Justin van Fleet, President

WaterAid UK

Tim Wainwright, CEO

¹ Member of the World Leadership Alliance-Club de Madrid

² Member of Global Women Leaders: Voices for Change and Inclusion

³ Member of Nizami Ganjavi International Center (NGIC)

⁴ Member of the Berggruen Institute 21st Century Council

⁵ Member of Global Leadership


Members of the Parliamentary Network on the World Bank & IMF:

Denis Kpwang Abbé

Senator of the Republic of Cameroon (2013-2018)

Francisco Ashley L. Acedillo

Member, House of Representatives of the Republic of the Philippines (2013-2016)

Mohammed Jawad Ahmed

Advisor to the Speaker, Parliament of the Republic of Iraq

Shakeel Shabbir Ahmed Member of Parliament, National Assembly of the Republic of Kenya

Shamsul Iskandar Bin Mohd Akin Member of Parliament of Malaysia

Iqbal Abdul Hussein Almadhy MP

Member of Parliament, Parliament of the

Republic of Iraq; President of the PN Chapter in Iraq

Njume Peter Ambang

Member of Parliament of the Republic of

Cameroon; Member of the Education and

Youth Affairs Committee

Ecaterina Andronescu Senator, Parliament of Romania; Minister of Education (2018-2019); Professor, University Politehnica of Bucharest

Ibtissame Azzaoui

Member of the Parliament of Morocco

Alban Sumana Kingsford Bagbin

Second Deputy Speaker, Parliament of


Alpha Bah

Vice President, National Assembly of Guinea

Hafida Benchahida

Senator of the Republic of Algeria;

Founding Member of the Mediterranean

Women Mediators Network

Hervé Berville

Member of the National Assembly of the

French Republic

Nozha Beyaoui

Member of Parliament of the Republic of


Sunjeev Kour Birdi Member of Parliament, National Assembly of the Republic of Kenya

Gary Bodeau

President of the Chamber of Deputies,

National Assembly of the Republic of Haiti


Peter M. Boehm

Senator, Senate of Canada

Mārtiņš Bondars

Member of Parliament of the Republic of Latvia

Liam Byrne MP

Member of Parliament of the United

Kingdom; Chair of the Parliamentary Network on the World Bank and IMF

Professor Alejandro Cacace

Representative, National Congress of


Yunus Carrim

Member of Parliament, National Council of

Provinces of Parliament, Republic of

South Africa; Chairperson of the Select Committee on Finance

Giulio Centemero MP

Member of the Chamber of Deputies of

Italy; Member of the Finance Committee;

Co-Chair, PAM Panel on Trade and


Sarah Champion MP

Member of Parliament of the United Kingdom

Olfa Soukri Cherif

Member of Parliament of the United

Republic of Tanzania

Sven Clement

Member of the Luxembourg Chamber of


Gordana Comic

Member of Parliament, National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia (2001-2020)

Shiddi Usman Danjuma

Member of the National Assembly of the

Federal Republic of Nigeria

Colin Deacon

Senator, Senate of Canada

Issa Mardo Djabir MP

Member of the National Assembly of the

Republic of Chad

Percy E. Downe

Senator, Senate of Canada

Worlea-Saywah Dunah

Founder and Chairman of the Board,

Center for Africa Development and Democracy

Nathaniel Erskine-Smith

Member of Parliament of Canada

Marouan Felfel

Member of Parliament of the Republic of


Cedric Thomas Frolick Member of Parliament, National Assembly of Parliament of the Republic of South Africa

Mahmut Celadet Gaydalı

Member of Parliament of the Republic of Turkey

Hajia Alijata sulemana Gbentie

Member of Parliament of the Republic of

Ghana (2013-2016)

Najeeb Ghanem

Member of the House of Representatives, Parliament of Yemen

Hawa Abdulrahman Ghasia

Member of Parliament of the United Republic of Tanzania (2005-2020)

Preet Kaur Gill MP

Member of Parliament of the United

Kingdom; Shadow Secretary of State for

International Development

Patrick Grady MP

Member of Parliament of the United Kingdom

Dr Lahcen Haddad

Member of the Parliament of Morocco;

Minister of Tourism, Government of Morocco (2012-2016); Vice President of the SID International Governing Council

Laura Angélica Rojas Hernández

Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies of Mexico

Anthony Kimani Ichung’Wah Member of Parliament, National Assembly of the Republic of Kenya

Eunice Kabiru

Member of Parliament of Estonia

Rebecca Yei Kamara

Member of Parliament, Parliament of

Sierra Leone

Abdul Kargbo

Member of Parliament, Parliament of

Sierra Leone

Gideon Keter

Member of Parliament, National Assembly of the Republic of Kenya

Volkmar Klein

Member of the Bundestag of the Federal Republic of Germany

John Muiruri Makuno

Director, Action for Children in Conflict UK

Doruntinë E. Maloku

Member of Parliament of the Republic of

Kosovo; Chair of the Committee on Economic Development

Teodomiro Nzé Mangué

Senator, Senate of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea

Janet Zebedayo Mbene

Member of Parliament of the United

Republic of Tanzania

Betty McCollum

Congresswoman, United States House of


Hayat Meziani

Member of Parliament of the People’s

Democratic Republic of Algeria (2012-2017)

Dr Ammar Moussi

Member of Parliament of the Republic of


Ruzanna Muradyan

Founder, Education Without Boundaries

Irene Wairimu Mwangi

Public Policy Specialist, Kenya

Cornelius Mweetwa

Member of Parliament of the Republic of


Adamou Namata

Member of the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria

Bekono Ebah epse Ndoumou

Member of Parliament of the Republic of


Professor George Bureng V. Nyombe

Chairperson of the TNLA, Republic of South Sudan

Olayiwola Jamiu Ojodu MP Member, Ogun State House of Assembly of the Republic of Ghana

Hassan Omar Mohamed

Member of Parliament, National Assembly of the Republic of Djibouti; President of the

Parliamentary Group of Population and Development

Margaret Mary Quirk MLA

Member of the Parliament of Western Australia

Niki Rattle

Speaker of Parliament of the Cook Islands

Mohamed-Iqbal Ravalia

Senator, Senate of Canada

Dharma Raj Regmi

Parliamentarian, Federal Parliament of


Dr Azmi Shuaibi

Anti-Corruption Advisor, TI Palestine, Transparency International

Amanda Simard MPP

Member of the Provincial Parliament,

Legislative Assembly of Ontario

Andres Sutt

Member of Parliament of Estonia; Deputy

Governor and Member of the Executive Board, Bank of Estonia (2001-2009)

Catherine Zainab Tarawally

Member of Parliament, Parliament of

Sierra Leone; Deputy Whip, All People’s Congress Party

Dr Olanrewaju Adeyemi Tejuoso

Senator of the Federal Republic of Nigeria


Umayya Toukan Senator, Parliament of Jordan

Nguyen Tuong Van

Secretary General of the ASEAN

Inter-Parliamentary Assembly

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