News - 19 Agosto Afghanistan: the Roller Coaster of History. Let Alexander the Great Be Our Lesson Now the dark days are here again in Afghanistan and nothing could better illustrate the ups and downs of women’s rights in Afghanistan than what Zarifa Ghafari, one of the first female mayors in Afghanistan, said a few days ago: "I'm sitting here waiting for them to come. There is no one to help me or my family. I'm just sitting with them and my husband. And they will come for people like me and kill me." She rose to power, but now faces death.